Question: What Is Thalassemia Profile Test?

What is the reason for thalassemia?

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body.

The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children..

What is the normal range of thalassemia?

Hematologic Diagnosis Thalassemia major is characterized by reduced Hb level (<7 gdl), mean corpuscolar volume (mcv)> 50 < 70 fl and mean corpuscolar Hb (MCH) > 12< 20 pg. Thalassemia intermedia is characterized by Hb level between 7 and 10 g/dl, MCV between 50 and 80 fl and MCH between 16 and 24 pg.

At what age is thalassemia detected?

Diagnosis. Share on Pinterest Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder. Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old. People with no symptoms may not realize that they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.

What is Thalassemia profile?

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia.

Can thalassemia be cured?

Blood transfusions and chelation do not cure beta thalassemia. A stem cell transplant can cure it, but it is a serious procedure with many risks and won’t benefit everyone with the condition. Doctors and scientist are working on developing gene therapies and other treatments to help people with beta thalassemia.

Can thalassemia cause weight gain?

Endocrine Problems Iron in the thyroid can cause hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels), which may result in fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance (feeling cold when others do not), and coarse hair.

How many types of thalassemia are there?

There are 2 main types of thalassemia: alpha and beta. Different genes are affected for each type. Thalassemia can cause mild or severe anemia. Anemia occurs when your body does not have enough red blood cells or hemoglobin.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

“Most thalassaemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years. Improved facilities will help them live up to the age of 60,” said Dr Mamata Manglani, head of pediatrics, Sion hospital.

Does thalassemia weaken immune system?

Because of this, people with thalassemia are said to be “immunocompromised,” which means that some of the body’s defenses against infection aren’t working. When you are immunocompromised, it is easier for you to get infections and you sometimes need extra protection, like flu shots and other vaccines.

Is milk good for thalassemia?

Calcium. Many factors in thalassaemia promote calcium depletion. A diet containing adequate calcium (e.g. milk, cheese, dairy products and kale) is always recommended.

What is Thalassemia test?

Doctors diagnose thalassemias using blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) and special hemoglobin tests. A CBC measures the amount of hemoglobin and the different kinds of blood cells, such as red blood cells, in a sample of blood.

How much does a thalassemia test cost?

It is of three types; namely, minor, intermediate and major. Minor thalassemia do not show any significant symptom. People may suffer from slight anemia and related symptoms….Thyrocare (Order Online, Pay at Home)CityDelhiAverage PriceRs. 1444.00Starting PriceRs. 700.00Price UptoRs. 7000.0011 more columns

Who is most affected by thalassemia?

Who is at risk for thalassemia?Alpha thalassemia most often affects people who are of Southeast Asian, Indian, Chinese, or Filipino descent.Beta thalassemia most often affects people who are of Mediterranean (Greek, Italian and Middle Eastern), Asian, or African descent.

What should we eat in thalassemia?

Nutrition & Thalassemia Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia. It is recommended that patients going through blood transfusion should opt for a low iron diet. Avoiding iron-fortified foods like cereal, red meat, green leafy vegetables & Vitamin C-rich foods is the best option for thalassemic patients.

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

For moderate to severe thalassemia, treatments might include:Frequent blood transfusions. More severe forms of thalassemia often require frequent blood transfusions, possibly every few weeks. … Chelation therapy. This is treatment to remove excess iron from your blood. … Stem cell transplant.